The Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) is the national public agency supporting research in science, technology and innovation in all areas of knowledge. Tutored by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education, FCT began activities in August 1997 succeeding the National Board of Scientific and Technological Research (JNICT). Since March 1, 2012, FCT has succeeded UMIC – Agency for the Knowledge Society, I.P. in the responsibility for the coordination of public policies for the Information Society in Portugal. On October 1, 2013, FCT assumed the duties and competencies of the Foundation for National Scientific Computing (FCCN).